Tuesday, 28 August 2018

Debt Collection Rules in Singapore

The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act was authorized in 1978. The FDCPA is a government law that is a piece of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, and it serves to control the debt collection industry. While it contains some critical securities for shoppers, a great deal has changed in the three decades since it's been sanctioned.

In the event that you've been the casualty of debt authority mishandle, you without a doubt comprehend the manners by which the law can be made strides. In spite of the fact that U.S. Representative Al Franken (D-MN) introduced enactment in September 2010 called "The End Debt Collector Abuse Act," Congress didn't think about the bill. In any case, there are numerous zones of the FDCPA that are ready for reform. Here is a couple:

Punishments: If a debt collection office is prosecuted and the judge rules that the debt gatherer abused the FDCPA, a shopper can be granted up to $1,000 in addition to lawyer charges. The punishment today is the same as it was in 1978 and isn't balanced for inflation. Congressperson Franken's enactment would have attached the most extreme punishment to the Consumer Price Index. It bodes well to raise the punishment since a $1,000 fine is a minimal incentive for authorities to remain on the correct side of the law.

Prohibiting the Collection of Stale Debt: A couple of months back, the Federal Trade Commission called upon states to all the more unequivocally direct the debt collection in Singapore, especially with respect to collecting a debt that is past the enactment of confinements. Since that time, a few states, for example, New Mexico, have done as such, requiring authorities to advise buyers that the office can't prosecute the purchaser with a specific end goal to gather. Very frequently, debt authorities trap buyers into making an installment, in this way "resetting the clock" on the debt and making it current again. Each state has an alternate statute of impediments, yet most importantly debt purchasers shouldn't have the capacity to beguile customers about a debt's legitimate status.

More Stringent Requirements Regarding Lawsuits: These days, debt collection organizations frequently sidestep the typical collection strategies and very quickly prosecute customers. Customers regularly don't understand they're being sued or can't afford lawful portrayal, thus collection organizations win judgments as a matter of course. At the end of the day, it is anything but a notwithstanding playing field. In any case, organizations can document several claims per month, basically making citizens take care of everything (on account of the expenses related to the legal framework) for collection exercises. Requiring debt collection offices to outfit approval of the debt before filing suit would be a decent initial phase in fighting legitimate framework mishandle. Maybe some kind of discretion board, like the intervention barricades set by states for enforcement of vehicle lemon laws, may work.

Licensing Agencies and Collectors in Singapore. Numerous states have licensing necessities for debt collection offices, yet all states should permit the two offices and gatherers. On numerous occasions, awful gatherers or offices that disregard the law hide out for a while, and afterward fly back up under an alternate name. To really tidy up the framework, gatherers ought to be authorized; in the event that they abuse the FDCPA, their licenses ought to be suspended. In the event that they do it again, their licenses ought to be denied, and they ought to be restricted from participating in the debt collection industry.

The Basics Of Debt Collection

With such a large number of individuals more profound into debt than any time in recent memory, the debt collection business is booming. Unfortunately, excessively numerous of us recognize what it resembles to manage debt gatherers. In spite of the fact that they do have the privilege to make collection endeavors, you may be shocked to discover that they are bound by some quite certain rules and guidelines.

Reasonable Debt Collection
Regardless of the way that such a large number of individuals know great the worries of debt collections, many have little intimation about their rights all the while. The Federal Trade Commission is working to all the more likely teach buyers about their rights in debt collection to forestall manhandle and out of line debt collection rehearses. The rules put forward by the FTC and the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act outline some particular guidelines about how gatherers can get in touch with you, when they can get in touch with you and what they are permitted to gather.

The most normally damaged govern of debt collection is the utilization of duplicity or misleading explanations. Debt gatherers are infamous for their steady efforts, some of which include lying or making false claims keeping in mind the end goal to startle you into paying the debt. This is particularly valid for the elderly, who are frequently misled into paying debts they can't afford out of dread. Debt gatherers may likewise move toward becoming harassing, making rehashed telephone calls, call twilight, contact companions or relatives and even utilize damaging dialect when attempting to gather. These practices are denied under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act.

Contacting through email, internet-based life locales or by releasing your own information to general society is additionally entirely forbidden.

In spite of the fact that these rules are set up, debt gatherers damage these rules once a day. The FTC supports any individual who has encountered infringement of reasonable debt collection practices to report the debt gatherer immediately.

Stop Collections
There are a couple of approaches to quitting annoying debt authorities. In the first place, you have the privilege to arrange and reimburse your debts specifically to your bank. Regardless of whether the bank has turned over your record to a collection office, you can resolve your debts straightforwardly. By contacting your bank to mastermind a debt goals plan, you can likewise ask for that the collection efforts be terminated. Your lender is legitimately required to terminate their interactions with the debt authority upon your demand, once you have effectively consented to an arrangement.

Likewise, you can stop credit collections in Singapore by filing for chapter 11. When you petition for liquidation, all collection efforts must stop instantly. Any further contact by a gatherer can prompt genuine outcomes on their part. Further, any correspondence or correspondence from the debt authority will be intervened by your insolvency lawyer. Chapter 11 is an extraordinary choice for dealing with loan bosses on the off chance that you can't afford to reimburse your debts, are struggling to consult with banks specifically, have gotten a notice of a claim over collections or have resources in danger of liquidation.

Monday, 11 June 2018

Pros And Cons On Using Debt Collectors

It's something every consumer dreads: a call from a debt collectors asking about unpaid credit bills, student loans that are past due, or a medical debt that has been forgotten about for months.

Credit counselors, state regulators, and debt collectors all agree on one thing: ignoring a debt collector's phone calls and letters are not going to help get rid of the debt. The only way to really stop them from bothering you is to deal with the debt, otherwise, it will only get worse.

Here are 4 tips for consumers to help deal with debt collectors.

Avoid them altogether
Contact your original creditor to work out some kind of payment plan that you can handle with your current financial situation. Most financial institutions are open to customized payment plans especially if their clients request for it. If you don't contact them, they will sell the debt to a 3rd party credit or debt collector.

Know your rights
This might just save you from paying thousands of dollars. The FTC or Federal Trade Commission has a collection of publications made to help customers learn about the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, a law that protects their rights under the act, nuisance and harassing phone calls, abusive language, and threats are illegal.

These should be taken note of and reported to your state's attorney general's office and the FTC. Debt collectors usually have a debt collection lawyer in California working together with them. Try to ask for the contact information of the lawyer so that your lawyer can personally send a complaint to him or her.

Never ignore these phone calls and letters
You have to reply or work on these notices right away. You have the right, according to law, to write or call in for a copy of a verification of the debt being asked of you. Make sure that the debt being collected is actually yours. You also need to make sure that it's not old debt. You could have paid that amount already and the debt collection lawyer in California is using old data from your original creditor.

Get a lawyer

You can't do this alone. It's easier to get a credit lawyer to help you out with the situation. They know everything about the system so any loopholes and problems found in your case can be fixed. You also end up paying money if you get a lawyer since they will check the debt if it matches to how much you really owe.

Every business seems to be in problem all the time, because the art of debt recovery relies on your communication. After all, how you approach is the key to the successful financial recovery process that only Deb collectors understand.

The major advantages of using debt collectors is that;

They are wise -Note that, no one wants to be in debt situation. If your customer is unable to pay you, then there must be some financial situations that are holding them, and this is something a debt collector fully understands and is able to formulate a convenient platform for you to pay up.

They have patience -
Debt hassle is not something that can be resolved within a day, it takes time and a debt collection agent understands that, deals with the customer with ease and timely manner, so that your customers will not get a nightmare every time you give them a notice.

They are confident -

Debt collection is a not easy job, it requires skills, to attain the desired results. Using the service of debt collectors means you will definitely have your debts recovered.

They are goal driven -
It is important that you have the money flow coming to your business. And for that, of course, you need a professional debt collection agent to have your goals fulfilled your dream.

They are responsible -
The licensed collection agency takes all the responsibility on your behalf and helps you to recover all your debt.

So, these are the certain characteristics that convey how debt collectors assist one to recover its debts in order to meet its business goals.

Here are the major cons of using debt collectors;

The debt collectors are quite rude when they interact with the borrowers. This is because they want to compel the people to repay the loan at any cost. The way these agents behave with the borrowers is so harsh that it becomes very difficult for the individuals to bear their attitude. As a result, they always try to avoid being trapped in the hands of the debt collection agencies. The agencies are responsible to help the lenders get back the amount by hook or by crook. For this, they even blemish the image of the borrowers in front of their neighbors and know people. This, in turn, compels the innocent borrowers to commit suicide.

Harassment, Fake Statements, And Unjust Practices - This can be very common among debt collectors. They will almost say anything they can in order to make you pay. They will even get to a point of giving you threats so as to compel you to pay up your debt.

You may receive a call from debt collectors for you to pay up underlying debts. But these collectors of debts are at times so compelling and can end up speaking to you rudely. This is termed t as harassment. The FDCPA regulates the behaviors of debt collectors. The Act clearly defines the limits to which a debt collector should not cross. That guards consumer rights.

If debt collectors obey the rules of the book they will not be exerting pressure on debtors.
There is a way you can move away from all the pressure of the debt collectors by following these simple tips;

Stay calm during the call
Avoid getting into an argument
Do not use foul language
Do not give away your bank details
Ask for debt validation
Send a cease and desist letter
Dispute the debt

Wednesday, 14 March 2018

Procedures to Follow on Debt Collection

A recovery procedure begins with an amicable phase: reminders by mail and telephone made directly by the creditor or by a professional recovery mandated. If necessary, it can continue with an order to pay (a solution reserved for small amounts), or even by seizure of the courts. It also happens that the unpaid is finally qualified as bad debt.
recovery procedure

Amicable recovery procedure

If payment of an invoice has not been made at the end of the payment period defined in the general conditions of sale, the creditor, via his commercial or accounting department, contacts the debtor to make him aware of the situation. It may be a simple oversight or an administrative error.

If the appeal remains unfulfilled, it is time to start a real amicable recovery procedure (ie without going to court). This work is usually done by a company specializing in debt collection , but it is entirely possible to manage it internally, provided you devote sufficient time to it.

Plan dates in advance for sending a first reminder and then a letter of formal notice if nothing moves. These two shipments can be separated from two weeks for example.

An amicable procedure well conducted must meet the following 4 qualities:

Firmness: It is necessary to be insistent and persuasive with some interlocutors who lack good will
Organization: establish a schedule detailing the dates and the nature of the actions to be undertaken, especially if several recovery procedures are in progress simultaneously

Firmness is not incompatible with the spirit of negotiation. On the contrary, it must allow the opening of a discussion and the search for a compromise solution. It will always be in the interest of a creditor to close a recovery procedure during the amicable phase.

Obligation to pay:
If the amicable reminders and the formal notice do not give results, the creditor initiates a judicial recovery procedure.

The first step is a hybrid action: The order to pay . If the debtor has not yet been summoned to court, the amicable stadium is still overridden. This is an expedited procedure to quickly obtain an enforceable title from the courts.

After filing a complete application with the registry of the competent court (usually the Commercial Court of the debtor's region), the title can be granted in less than two months, provided that the debtor does not complete opposition proceedings.

The creditor then delivers the enforceable title to a bailiff, who thus obtains legal legitimacy to operate a financial or material seizure transaction with the debtor.

The payment order is perfectly suited to receivables whose amount remains limited.

Judicial collection
If the debtor formally objects to the injunction, the case is hot in the courts. A real judicial recovery procedure is then launched. It can last several months, even several years. A recovery file brought to court must be carefully prepared, hence the need for a lawyer.

Any injunction or judicial recovery proceedings may be preceded by a request for protective attachment . The latter makes it possible to preserve the repayment capacities of the debtor in the event that the final judgment gives reason to the creditor. Once a precautionary measure has been requested, the procedure must be launched with the courts in the following month. The conservatory seizure is concretized by the action of a bailiff.

Bad debt

Some claims are irrecoverable. This is particularly the case when:

The debtor is placed in judicial liquidation: the judgment can define a share of the debt which will not be paid to the creditor

Any trace of the debtor was lost: There are accounting and tax advantages to demonstrating the uncollectability of a debt for the creditor:

- The amount lost may be deducted from the taxable profit for the year
-VAT linked to the transaction is recoverable

Beware, however, that the creditor can claim to benefit from these compensations only if he provides proof that the claim is definitely irrecoverable , and this, despite sufficient actions to obtain reimbursement

Traditionally, in the event of failure of the recovery procedure, a certificate of uncollectability is issued by the professionals appointed by the creditor to manage the file: collection company, bailiff, etc. This certificate constitutes proof of irrecoverability with the tax authorities.


Creditors will, by their own means or with the assistance of a professional, seek recovery of sums due in an out-of-court procedure, ie without any judicial procedure, whatever it may be.
This debt recovery procedure initially involves telephone calls to the debtor to pay the invoices due, then by reminders by simple mail or registered letter, in order to serve the debtor that he is liable for certain are.

The sending of registered mail is often acclaimed because it ensures a traceability that can be useful in case of evolution of the procedure. In the absence of effects, the creditor may call on an external party to take charge of this recovery phase. It can be a company specialized in this type of procedure, or even a bailiff. If this phase is finally doomed to failure, it is possible to take more draconian measures and under the guise of justice, which will no longer give the possibility of a settlement amicably.


In order to better guarantee the recovery of debt, the creditor can appeal to the courts to ask the court to proceed with what is called a provisional measure, the aim being that the debtor does not hide any of his assets in the eyes. of Justice.

These procedures are various and give authority subsequently to the bailiffs to proceed for example to the realization of a seizure attribution directly to the bank accounts of the debtor. This procedure is legally supervised and is intended to protect the creditor; in summary, it gives an inventory of the debtor's assets at a time T, which will therefore have no possibility of evading what he owes by concealing assets or transferring them to a third party to contest the property.

This procedure paves the way for obtaining an enforceable title, which will enable the bailiff to proceed with the execution of the payment of the sums due. For large claims, the establishment of an enforceable title is imperative through judicial process and gives rise to an assignment. Small claims can be waived and the procedure is simplified.


In the face of all these proceedings against him, the debtor can fully contest the existence of a claim. It is up to him to prove the validity of this dispute by producing all the necessary documents, such as the exchange of letters and any receipt proving that the payment has been paid.

This dispute is possible regardless of the nature of the dispute: unpaid invoices, late rents, the debtor can contest if he is able to prove that he is in his right. This challenge procedure can be implemented from the moment the debtor receives a formal notice to pay. He has one month to assert this right. Since this injunction is issued by the court, he will have to use the same way to make his appeal heard. The dispute may be contested by registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt, either directly to the registry of the court, on presentation of all the evidence required.

The trial is not called into question, however, since the judge upholds the order to pay and the summons of both parties; it gives itself the possibility to study the arguments of the ones of the others before possibly questioning the injunction to pay and to validate the contestation of the debtor.

As these procedures are cumbersome, time-consuming and strictly regulated by law, it is possible to call a professional, such as a detective, to conduct a solvency investigation that will allow the creditor to know more about the actual financial health of the client. his debtor. These elements can be decisive when a legal proceeding is launched and when the debtor shows bad faith on the composition of his assets and his patrimony whatever it is.